Nickel Fluoride








ESPI Metals

1050 Benson Way, Ashland, OR 97520

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Product Name:     Nickel Fluoride

Formula:              NiF2

CAS Number:       10028-18-9




Hazardous Components:   Nickel Fluoride           Nickel Compounds

Percent (%):                     0-100                        0-100

OSHA/PEL:                         N/E                          1 mg (Ni)/m3

ACGIH/TLV:                       2.5 mg (Fl)/m3          0.5 mg (Ni)/m3




Boiling Point:                     N/E

Melting/Freezing Point:    1000 oC

Specific Gravity:                4.63 g/l

Solubility in H2O:               2.51 g/100 g of H2O

Appearance and Odor:      Greenish yellow solid, odorless.




Flash Point:  N/A

Autoignition Temperature:  N/E

Flammable LimitsLower:  N/E Upper:  N/E

Extinguishing Media:  Dry powder, CO2, water spray or regular foam.

Special Firefighting Procedures:  Contain runoff from fire.  Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.  Firefighters and others who may be exposed to products of combustion should wear full firefighting turn out gear (full Bunker Gear) and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) (pressure demand NIOSH approved or equivalent).  Fire-fighting equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use.

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazard:  When burned, hazardous products of combustion including fumes of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and fluorine can occur.  Avoid breathing fumes from fire exposed material.  Avoid needless exposure to gas, fume or vapor.  If practical, remain upwind when approaching a fire outdoors, even when wearing a respirator.  Keep out of low areas.  Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.  Some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily.  Containers may explode when heated.




Effects of Exposure:

Increased incidences of lung and nasal cancer, and respiratory damage including chronic bronchitis and emphysema, have been found in workers exposed to nickel compounds.


Acute Effects:


Inhalation:  Exposure to the dust from nickel compounds can result in respiratory irritation.

Ingestion:  Swallowing of  nickel compounds may result in stomach pain, vomiting and diarrhea.  Based on its composition, this material is anticipated to be moderately toxic if swallowed.

Skin:  Irritating.  Based on its composition, this material is anticipated to be no more than slightly toxic if absorbed through the skin.

Eye:  Corrosive to eyes.

Chronic Effects:  Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause allergic skin and/or respiratory reactions, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema, kidney damage and bone effects including joint pain, tooth erosion and discoloration.  Workers with lung or kidney disease or limited respiratory capacity should limit exposure to this material.

Routes of Entry:  Inhalation and skin contact are expected to be the primary routes of occupational exposure to nickel fluoride.

Carcinogenicity:  Nickel and nickel compounds are classified as known human carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and are listed by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) as substances that may reasonably be anticipated to be carcinogens.




INHALATION:  Remove to fresh air.  If breathing is difficult, get medical attention.

INGESTION:  Induce vomiting immediately by medical personnel.  Get medical attention.  Call a Poison Control Center.  NEVER GIVE ANYTHING BY MOUTH TO AN UNCONSCIOUS PERSON.

SKIN:  Flush the area with plenty of water.  Remove contaminated clothing and shoes.  Wash clothing before reuse.  Get medical attention if irritation develops and persists.  Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.

EYE:  Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.  Get medical attention immediately.




Stability:  This material is chemically stable under normal and anticipated storage and handling conditions.

Conditions to Avoid:  N/A

Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid):  Contact with acids or water may result in a low energy release.

Hazardous Decomposition Products:  None known

Hazardous Polymerization:  Will not occur.




Steps to Be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled:  Stop the leak if you can without risk.  Ventilate the space involved.  Fully encapsulating, vapor protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire.  Do not touch or walk through spilled material.  Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements, or confined areas.  Structural firefighters’ protective clothing is recommended for fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations.  Clean-up procedures:  Avoid generation of dusts.  Remove from spill location.  Decontaminate area.

Waste Disposal Method:  Dispose of in accordance with State, Federal and Local regulations.





Respiratory Protection:  Avoid breathing dusts.  Use NIOSH approved respiratory protection equipment appropriate to the material and/or its components when airborne exposure limits are exceeded.  Full face-piece equipment is recommended and, if used, replaces need for face shield and/or chemical goggles.  Consult respirator manufacturer to determine appropriate type equipment for given application.  Observe respirator use limitations specified by NIOSH or the manufacturer.  For emergency and other conditions where exposure limitations may be significantly exceeded, use an approved full-face positive-pressure, self-contained breathing apparatus or positive-pressure airline with auxiliary self-contained air supply.  Respiratory protection programs must comply with 29 CFR section 1910.134.

Ventilation:  Investigate engineering techniques to reduce exposures below airborne exposure limits.  Provide ventilation if necessary to control exposure levels below airborne exposure limits.  If practical, use local mechanical exhaust ventilation at sources of air con-tamination such as open process equipment.  Consult ACGIH ventilation manual or NFPA Standard 91 for design of exhaust systems.

Eye Protection:  Where there is potential for eye contact, wear chemical goggles and have eye flushing equipment immediately available.  Do not wear contact lenses when handling material.

Skin Protection:  Wear appropriate chemical resistant protective clothing and chemical resistant gloves to prevent skin contact.  Consult glove manufacturer to determine appropriate glove material for given application.  Rinse immediately if skin is contaminated.  Rinse contaminated clothing promptly and wash before reuse.  Wash skin thoroughly after handling.




Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage:  Do not breathe dusts.  Do not get in eyes, on skin or on clothing.  Do not taste or swallow.  Use only with adequate ventilation.  Keep container closed.  Wash thoroughly after handling.  This material is not hazardous under normal storage conditions, however, material should be stored in closed containers, in a secure area to prevent container damage and subsequent spillage.



The above information is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide.  ESPI shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.


Issued by:             S. Dierks

Date:                    May 1997